Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 messenger ribonucleic acid and protein in human term placental cells and its modulation by pro- inflammatory cytokines (Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis Factor α)

Barbara Gaffuri, Paola Vigano', Arrigo Nozza, Gianluca Gornati, Anna Maria Di Blasio, Mario Vignali

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for the integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and complement receptor-3 (Mac-1), making it an important participant in many immune and inflammatory processes. Previous studies suggested that lack or reduced expression of ICAM-1 on trophoblast might partially explain its resistance to lysis by cytotoxic effectors. However, whether or not the adhesion molecule is expressed on placental cells is still a matter of debate. In this study, we determined ICAM-1 expression at mRNA, surface, and soluble protein levels on human trophoblasts throughout their functional differentiation in culture from cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts. Placental cells were obtained from 6 term placentas derived from normal pregnancies. ICAM1 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using two oligonucleotide primers specific for the human ICAM-1 gene. A single major DNA band of the expected size (943 base pairs) was obtained in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated expression of surface ICAM-1 protein on 45.5 ± 3.5% of cytotrophoblasts. No changes were observed during differentiation in culture. Levels of the soluble form of ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) released by placental cells were undetectable when assessed by a specific ELISA. Finally, we investigated the effect of pro-inflammatory cytokines on placental ICAM-1 expression. Treatment of cultured trophoblasts for 24 h with interleukin-1β (1 ng/ml) or tumor necrosis factor α (1 ng/ml) increased surface expression of ICAM-1 without inducing sICAM-1 shedding. However, on placental cells, the two cytokines exerted stimulatory effects lower than those detected on endometrial cells used as positive control. These observations document that the ICAM-1 gene is expressed in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, suggesting that the molecule may be of value for some immune-mediated processes. On the other hand, the low sensitivity of trophoblasts to cytokine-mediated induction of ICAM-1 expression might represent a functional mechanism contributing to maternal tolerance for fetal graft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1008
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1998

Fingerprint

Trophoblasts
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Interleukin-1
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
RNA
Cytokines
Proteins
Transplantation Tolerance
Complement Receptors
Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1
Messenger RNA
Complement C3
Antigen Receptors
DNA Primers
Integrins
Base Pairing
Placenta
Genes
Reverse Transcription
Membrane Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

Cite this

@article{df6d1a87e4ba40a6a36b4733047420f5,
title = "Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 messenger ribonucleic acid and protein in human term placental cells and its modulation by pro- inflammatory cytokines (Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis Factor α)",
abstract = "Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for the integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and complement receptor-3 (Mac-1), making it an important participant in many immune and inflammatory processes. Previous studies suggested that lack or reduced expression of ICAM-1 on trophoblast might partially explain its resistance to lysis by cytotoxic effectors. However, whether or not the adhesion molecule is expressed on placental cells is still a matter of debate. In this study, we determined ICAM-1 expression at mRNA, surface, and soluble protein levels on human trophoblasts throughout their functional differentiation in culture from cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts. Placental cells were obtained from 6 term placentas derived from normal pregnancies. ICAM1 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using two oligonucleotide primers specific for the human ICAM-1 gene. A single major DNA band of the expected size (943 base pairs) was obtained in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated expression of surface ICAM-1 protein on 45.5 ± 3.5{\%} of cytotrophoblasts. No changes were observed during differentiation in culture. Levels of the soluble form of ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) released by placental cells were undetectable when assessed by a specific ELISA. Finally, we investigated the effect of pro-inflammatory cytokines on placental ICAM-1 expression. Treatment of cultured trophoblasts for 24 h with interleukin-1β (1 ng/ml) or tumor necrosis factor α (1 ng/ml) increased surface expression of ICAM-1 without inducing sICAM-1 shedding. However, on placental cells, the two cytokines exerted stimulatory effects lower than those detected on endometrial cells used as positive control. These observations document that the ICAM-1 gene is expressed in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, suggesting that the molecule may be of value for some immune-mediated processes. On the other hand, the low sensitivity of trophoblasts to cytokine-mediated induction of ICAM-1 expression might represent a functional mechanism contributing to maternal tolerance for fetal graft.",
author = "Barbara Gaffuri and Paola Vigano' and Arrigo Nozza and Gianluca Gornati and {Di Blasio}, {Anna Maria} and Mario Vignali",
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T1 - Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 messenger ribonucleic acid and protein in human term placental cells and its modulation by pro- inflammatory cytokines (Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis Factor α)

AU - Gaffuri, Barbara

AU - Vigano', Paola

AU - Nozza, Arrigo

AU - Gornati, Gianluca

AU - Di Blasio, Anna Maria

AU - Vignali, Mario

PY - 1998/4

Y1 - 1998/4

N2 - Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for the integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and complement receptor-3 (Mac-1), making it an important participant in many immune and inflammatory processes. Previous studies suggested that lack or reduced expression of ICAM-1 on trophoblast might partially explain its resistance to lysis by cytotoxic effectors. However, whether or not the adhesion molecule is expressed on placental cells is still a matter of debate. In this study, we determined ICAM-1 expression at mRNA, surface, and soluble protein levels on human trophoblasts throughout their functional differentiation in culture from cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts. Placental cells were obtained from 6 term placentas derived from normal pregnancies. ICAM1 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using two oligonucleotide primers specific for the human ICAM-1 gene. A single major DNA band of the expected size (943 base pairs) was obtained in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated expression of surface ICAM-1 protein on 45.5 ± 3.5% of cytotrophoblasts. No changes were observed during differentiation in culture. Levels of the soluble form of ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) released by placental cells were undetectable when assessed by a specific ELISA. Finally, we investigated the effect of pro-inflammatory cytokines on placental ICAM-1 expression. Treatment of cultured trophoblasts for 24 h with interleukin-1β (1 ng/ml) or tumor necrosis factor α (1 ng/ml) increased surface expression of ICAM-1 without inducing sICAM-1 shedding. However, on placental cells, the two cytokines exerted stimulatory effects lower than those detected on endometrial cells used as positive control. These observations document that the ICAM-1 gene is expressed in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, suggesting that the molecule may be of value for some immune-mediated processes. On the other hand, the low sensitivity of trophoblasts to cytokine-mediated induction of ICAM-1 expression might represent a functional mechanism contributing to maternal tolerance for fetal graft.

AB - Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a ligand for the integrins lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and complement receptor-3 (Mac-1), making it an important participant in many immune and inflammatory processes. Previous studies suggested that lack or reduced expression of ICAM-1 on trophoblast might partially explain its resistance to lysis by cytotoxic effectors. However, whether or not the adhesion molecule is expressed on placental cells is still a matter of debate. In this study, we determined ICAM-1 expression at mRNA, surface, and soluble protein levels on human trophoblasts throughout their functional differentiation in culture from cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts. Placental cells were obtained from 6 term placentas derived from normal pregnancies. ICAM1 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using two oligonucleotide primers specific for the human ICAM-1 gene. A single major DNA band of the expected size (943 base pairs) was obtained in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated expression of surface ICAM-1 protein on 45.5 ± 3.5% of cytotrophoblasts. No changes were observed during differentiation in culture. Levels of the soluble form of ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) released by placental cells were undetectable when assessed by a specific ELISA. Finally, we investigated the effect of pro-inflammatory cytokines on placental ICAM-1 expression. Treatment of cultured trophoblasts for 24 h with interleukin-1β (1 ng/ml) or tumor necrosis factor α (1 ng/ml) increased surface expression of ICAM-1 without inducing sICAM-1 shedding. However, on placental cells, the two cytokines exerted stimulatory effects lower than those detected on endometrial cells used as positive control. These observations document that the ICAM-1 gene is expressed in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, suggesting that the molecule may be of value for some immune-mediated processes. On the other hand, the low sensitivity of trophoblasts to cytokine-mediated induction of ICAM-1 expression might represent a functional mechanism contributing to maternal tolerance for fetal graft.

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