Expression of p53 and retinoblastoma gene in high-grade nodal peripheral T-cell lymphomas: Immunohistochemical and molecular findings suggesting different pathogenetic pathways and possible clinical implications

Edoardo Pescarmona, Patrizia Pignoloni, Carmela Santangelo, Giuseppe Naso, Massimo Realacci, Olga Cela, Anna Maria Lavinia, Maurizio Martelli, Matteo A. Russo, Carlo D. Baroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The expression of p53 and the retinoblastoma gene has been investigated by immunohistochemical and molecular analysis in 45 eases of nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma with high-grade histology. Most cases (73.3 per cent) were primary nodal lymphomas without any extra-nodal site involvement. Most of them (75.6 per cent) were histologically classified as pleomorphic, small, medium, and large cell type. Immunohistochemistry detected p53 in nine cases (20 per cent). In each of these cases, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/heteroduplex analysis did not show the presence of mutations, this finding being consistent with an alteration of the p53 functional pathway, in the presence of a wild-type protein. The retinoblastoma gene product was detected by immunohistochemistry in 35 cases (77.8 per cent) and not detected in ten cases (22.2 per cent). In the latter cases, the reverse transcription (RT)-PCR analysis showed the presence of a specific retinoblastoma gene transcript in six cases and was negative in the remaining four cases. The immunohistochemical and molecular findings seem to be consistent with abnormalities of retinoblastoma gene expression at either the transcriptional or the post-transcriptional level. Since all nine p53-positive cases by immunohistochemical analysis were also retinoblastoma gene product-positive, and all ten retinoblastoma gene product-negative cases were also p53- negative, two different and mutually exclusive pathways of possible pathogenetic significance may be suggested, the former involving abnormalities of the functional pathway of p53 in the absence of mutations and the latter abnormalities of retinoblastoma gene expression at the transcriptional and/or post-transcriptional level. Finally, the clinico- pathological correlations showed that p53 immunohistochemical expression is significantly associated with a poorer response to intensive chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-406
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pathology
Volume188
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • p53
  • Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
  • Retinoblastoma gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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