Immunohistochemical and/or indirect immunofluorescence analysis with monoclonal antibody (MAb) H19 demonstrated the expression of protectin (CD59) in 54 surgically removed metastatic melanoma lesions and on 8 out of 12 melanoma cell lines. CD59 expression had a low degree of intra- and intertumor heterogeneity. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the molecular weight of CD59 expressed on melanoma cells is about 20 kDa. Treatment of melanoma cells with 5 U/ml of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C completely abolished cell-surface expression of CD59. Interferon-γ and/or tumor necrosis factor-α or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate neither modulated the expression of CD59 by melanoma cells nor influenced the amounts of CD59-specific mRNA. F(ab'), fragments of anti-CD59 MAb YTH53.1 did not inhibit the lysis of melanoma cells by allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells or lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. In contrast, the whole Ig molecule of MAb H19 or YTH3.1 significantly (p <0.05) enhanced NK-cell-mediated lysis of melanoma cells, suggesting the induction of antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Lastly, masking of CD59 by MAb YTH53.1 or its F(ab'), fragments significantly(p <0.05) enhanced, in a dose-dependent fashion, the lysis of anti-GD3-sensitized melanoma cells by homologous complement. These data demonstrate that CD59 expressed by human melanoma cells might regulate host-tumor interaction by protecting neoplastic cells from complement-mediated lysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research