A complementary DNA library was constructed from mRNA of rat liver induced by an initiating dose of a chemical carcinogen, diethylnitrosamine. Using a differential hybridization technique, a complementary DNA clone which is induced more than 10-fold by an acute single dose of diethylnitrosamine was identified. The DNA sequence of this clone was matched with rat microsomal epoxide hydrolase. This gene may be of great interest, since it was found to be highly expressed in neoplastic nodules and primary hepatocellular carcinomas induced by different carcinogenic regimes. The inducible high level expression of this gene becomes constitutive during the process of hepatocarcinogenesis. The gene was also found to be inducibly expressed during partial hepatectomy in a similar manner as a multidrug-resistant gene (mdr-1). No change in the transcriptional initiation site was observed in the gene expression between induced and uninduced rat livers. The 5′ upstream region of the gene was characterized and some potential controlling elements for gene regulation, such as Sp-1, AP-2, and Hepatitis B virus enhancer, were found. Based on our own and published results, we hypothesize that the altered expression of this xenobiotic enzyme in nodules and cancer cells could be a result of constitutive internal stimuli which might be associated with cell growth.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research