Expression of TIR8 receptor in chicken tissues

L. Turin, G. Manarolla, F. Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The orphan receptor TIR8, also known as SIGIRR, belongs to the TLR/IL-1R (TIR) superfamily and plays an important role in the immune response. The signalling pathways of the receptors belonging to the TIR family are tightly regulated at multiple levels and through different mechanisms. TIR8 negatively modulates innate immunity and inflammatory responses in the areas where it is primarily expressed (gastrointestinal tract, kidney and lung). TIR8 has been well characterized in mouse, humans and in other Mammalian species, but it is still poorly known in chicken. Given the importance of gastrointestinal diseases in chicken, the aim of our study was to investigate the distribution of TIR8 in a wide panel of non-pathologic tissues and organs. TIR8 expression was analyzed in chicken samples at both levels of transcript mRNA and translated protein. The pattern of expression of TIR8 (ubiquitous) was similar to Mammals for some tissues (high levels in kidney and gastrointestinal tract), but it resulted unique for other tissues. High expression was detected in liver, pancreas and female reproductive tract. Interestingly, the receptor was highly expressed also in heterophils, the most common granulocytes of birds. Few isoforms of chicken TIR8 were detected by Western blot, suggesting the occurrence of different post-translational processing in different organs. Immunohistochemistry revealed TIR8 immunolabelling in chicken intestine and thymus. These results demonstrate that the receptor, although evolutionarily conserved, show species-specific peculiarities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume28
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2014

Keywords

  • Chicken
  • Gene expression
  • IL-1 receptors
  • Inflammation
  • TIR8/SIGIRR
  • Toll-like receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cancer Research
  • Immunology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Oncology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Medicine(all)

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