Growth of quail chondrocytes in the presence of retinoic acid (RA) results in the suppression of the differentiated phenotype. RA-treated chondrocytes recover their differentiated phenotype if they are cultured for an additional 15 days in the absence of RA. A few days after removal from RA, treated chondrocytes acquire the polygonal morphology characteristic of chondrocytes growing as attached cells; they also gradually resume collagen II expression and synthesize a significantly higher proportion of collagen X mRNA than do untreated control cultures. The levels of collagen X mRNA decrease during the second week of culture in the absence of RA. Finally, at the end of 15 days, the absolute levels of collagen II and collagen X mRNAs are very similar in control and recovering chondrocytes.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
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