Expression pattern and biological significance of the lncRNA ST3GAL6-AS1 in multiple myeloma

Domenica Ronchetti, Katia Todoerti, Cristina Vinci, Vanessa Favasuli, Luca Agnelli, Martina Manzoni, Francesca Pelizzoni, Raffaella Chiaramonte, Natalia Platonova, Nicola Giuliani, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Nicola Amodio, Antonino Neri, Elisa Taiana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The biological impact of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in multiple myeloma (MM) is becoming an important aspect of investigation, which may contribute to the understanding of the complex pathobiology of the disease whilst also providing novel potential therapeutic targets. Herein, we investigated the expression pattern and the biological significance of the lncRNA ST3 beta-galactoside alpha-2,3 sialyltransferase 6 antisense RNA 1 (ST3GAL6-AS1) in MM. We documented a high ST3GAL6-AS1 expression level in MM compared to normal plasma cells (PCs) or other hematological malignancies. Transcriptome analyses of MM PCs from patients included in the CoMMpass database indicated a potential involvement of ST3GAL6-AS1 in MAPK signaling and ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis pathways. ST3GAL6-AS1 silencing by LNA-gapmeR antisense oligonucleotides inhibits cell proliferation and triggers apoptosis in MM cell line. Notably, ST3GAL6-AS1 silencing in vitro displayed the down-regulation of the MAPK pathway and protein ubiquitination. These data suggest that ST3GAL6-AS1 deregulation may play a pathogenetic role in MM by affecting both proliferation pathways and circuits fundamental for PC survival. However, ST3GAL6-AS1 expression levels seem not to be significantly associated with clinical outcome and its targeting appears to exert antagonistic effects with proteasome inhibitors used in MM. These findings strongly urge the need for further studies investigating the relevance of ST3GAL6-AS1 in MM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number782
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • LncRNA
  • Multiple myeloma
  • ST3GAL6-AS1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Ronchetti, D., Todoerti, K., Vinci, C., Favasuli, V., Agnelli, L., Manzoni, M., Pelizzoni, F., Chiaramonte, R., Platonova, N., Giuliani, N., Tassone, P., Amodio, N., Neri, A., & Taiana, E. (2020). Expression pattern and biological significance of the lncRNA ST3GAL6-AS1 in multiple myeloma. Cancers, 12(4), [782]. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12040782