Expression, phosphorylation, and mRNA-binding of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K in Xenopus oocytes, eggs, and early embryos

Tetsushi Iwasaki, Yuta Koretomo, Teppei Fukuda, Maria Paola Paronetto, Claudio Sette, Yasuo Fukami, Ken Ichi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we show that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a member of the K homology domain-containing proteins, is expressed in Xenopus immature oocytes, unfertilized eggs, and early embryos. Fertilization or egg activation treatment involving upregulation of the egg tyrosine kinase Src promotes a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of hnRNP K. HnRNP K is also phosphorylated on serine/threonine residues in unfertilized eggs, dephosphorylated after fertilization, and re-phosphorylated during the premitotic phase of early embryogenesis. In vitro, Src and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were capable of phosphorylating hnRNP K on tyrosine and serine/threonine residues, respectively. In support of this, pretreatment of oocytes, eggs, or embryos with inhibitors for Src (PP2) and MAPK (U0126) blocked effectively the phosphorylation of hnRNP K. We also identify some maternal mRNAs that coimmunoprecipitate with hnRNP K in unfertilized eggs. Specific binding of these mRNAs to hnRNP K was verified by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, real-time PCR analyses revealed a subset of the mRNAs whose binding to hnRNP K might be up or downregulated in activated eggs. In vitro binding assay with the use of poly U monopolymeric RNA-coupled beads demonstrated that the RNA-binding property of hnRNP K is negatively regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation and positively or neutrally regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. Taken together, it is attractive to suggest that hnRNP K is in association with certain pools of maternal mRNAs whose translational activation are modulated by the Src/MAPK phosphorylation of hnRNP K during oocyte-egg-embryo transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-40
Number of pages18
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Fingerprint

Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein K
Xenopus
Eggs
Oocytes
Embryonic Structures
Phosphorylation
Messenger RNA
Ovum
Threonine
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Stored Messenger RNA
Serine
Tyrosine
Fertilization
RNA
Poly U
src-Family Kinases
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Embryonic Development
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K
  • Maternal mRNA
  • Phosphorylation
  • RNA-binding protein
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Expression, phosphorylation, and mRNA-binding of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K in Xenopus oocytes, eggs, and early embryos. / Iwasaki, Tetsushi; Koretomo, Yuta; Fukuda, Teppei; Paronetto, Maria Paola; Sette, Claudio; Fukami, Yasuo; Sato, Ken Ichi.

In: Development Growth and Differentiation, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 23-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Here we show that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a member of the K homology domain-containing proteins, is expressed in Xenopus immature oocytes, unfertilized eggs, and early embryos. Fertilization or egg activation treatment involving upregulation of the egg tyrosine kinase Src promotes a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of hnRNP K. HnRNP K is also phosphorylated on serine/threonine residues in unfertilized eggs, dephosphorylated after fertilization, and re-phosphorylated during the premitotic phase of early embryogenesis. In vitro, Src and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were capable of phosphorylating hnRNP K on tyrosine and serine/threonine residues, respectively. In support of this, pretreatment of oocytes, eggs, or embryos with inhibitors for Src (PP2) and MAPK (U0126) blocked effectively the phosphorylation of hnRNP K. We also identify some maternal mRNAs that coimmunoprecipitate with hnRNP K in unfertilized eggs. Specific binding of these mRNAs to hnRNP K was verified by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, real-time PCR analyses revealed a subset of the mRNAs whose binding to hnRNP K might be up or downregulated in activated eggs. In vitro binding assay with the use of poly U monopolymeric RNA-coupled beads demonstrated that the RNA-binding property of hnRNP K is negatively regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation and positively or neutrally regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. Taken together, it is attractive to suggest that hnRNP K is in association with certain pools of maternal mRNAs whose translational activation are modulated by the Src/MAPK phosphorylation of hnRNP K during oocyte-egg-embryo transition.",
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AU - Iwasaki, Tetsushi

AU - Koretomo, Yuta

AU - Fukuda, Teppei

AU - Paronetto, Maria Paola

AU - Sette, Claudio

AU - Fukami, Yasuo

AU - Sato, Ken Ichi

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N2 - Here we show that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a member of the K homology domain-containing proteins, is expressed in Xenopus immature oocytes, unfertilized eggs, and early embryos. Fertilization or egg activation treatment involving upregulation of the egg tyrosine kinase Src promotes a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of hnRNP K. HnRNP K is also phosphorylated on serine/threonine residues in unfertilized eggs, dephosphorylated after fertilization, and re-phosphorylated during the premitotic phase of early embryogenesis. In vitro, Src and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were capable of phosphorylating hnRNP K on tyrosine and serine/threonine residues, respectively. In support of this, pretreatment of oocytes, eggs, or embryos with inhibitors for Src (PP2) and MAPK (U0126) blocked effectively the phosphorylation of hnRNP K. We also identify some maternal mRNAs that coimmunoprecipitate with hnRNP K in unfertilized eggs. Specific binding of these mRNAs to hnRNP K was verified by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, real-time PCR analyses revealed a subset of the mRNAs whose binding to hnRNP K might be up or downregulated in activated eggs. In vitro binding assay with the use of poly U monopolymeric RNA-coupled beads demonstrated that the RNA-binding property of hnRNP K is negatively regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation and positively or neutrally regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. Taken together, it is attractive to suggest that hnRNP K is in association with certain pools of maternal mRNAs whose translational activation are modulated by the Src/MAPK phosphorylation of hnRNP K during oocyte-egg-embryo transition.

AB - Here we show that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a member of the K homology domain-containing proteins, is expressed in Xenopus immature oocytes, unfertilized eggs, and early embryos. Fertilization or egg activation treatment involving upregulation of the egg tyrosine kinase Src promotes a rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of hnRNP K. HnRNP K is also phosphorylated on serine/threonine residues in unfertilized eggs, dephosphorylated after fertilization, and re-phosphorylated during the premitotic phase of early embryogenesis. In vitro, Src and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were capable of phosphorylating hnRNP K on tyrosine and serine/threonine residues, respectively. In support of this, pretreatment of oocytes, eggs, or embryos with inhibitors for Src (PP2) and MAPK (U0126) blocked effectively the phosphorylation of hnRNP K. We also identify some maternal mRNAs that coimmunoprecipitate with hnRNP K in unfertilized eggs. Specific binding of these mRNAs to hnRNP K was verified by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, real-time PCR analyses revealed a subset of the mRNAs whose binding to hnRNP K might be up or downregulated in activated eggs. In vitro binding assay with the use of poly U monopolymeric RNA-coupled beads demonstrated that the RNA-binding property of hnRNP K is negatively regulated by tyrosine phosphorylation and positively or neutrally regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. Taken together, it is attractive to suggest that hnRNP K is in association with certain pools of maternal mRNAs whose translational activation are modulated by the Src/MAPK phosphorylation of hnRNP K during oocyte-egg-embryo transition.

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