Extended lymph node dissection without routine spleno-pancreatectomy for treatment of gastric cancer: Low morbidity and mortality rates in a single center series of 250 patients

Roberto Biffi, Antonio Chiappa, Fabrizio Luca, Simonetta Pozzi, Felice Lo Faso, Sabine Cenciarelli, Bruno Andreoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To verify the hypothesis that avoidance of routine splenectomy and distal pancreatectomy in a modified D-2 resection for gastric cancer can significantly lower the complications rate of this procedure in a population of Western patients. Methods: A series of 250 consecutive Italian patients suffering from localized, histology-proven gastric cancer was submitted to gastrectomy and extended D-2 lymphadenectomy for treatment of their disease during an 8-year period (1994-2002) at the European Institute of Oncology in Milano, Italy. Caudal pancreas and spleen were routinely preserved, unless the tumor was not closely adjacent to or directly invading these organs. Postoperative morbidity, overall mortality, and length of hospital stay were recorded. Results: One hundred forty patients underwent total gastrectomy and 110 a subtotal distal one; splenectomy was performed in 8 cases and spleno-pancreatectomy in 15. The postoperative morbidity rate was 18%, the mortality rate was 1.2% and 9 patients experienced re-operation. The median length of stay was 14.8 days. Conclusions: These results compete favorably with those reported after standard D-1 gastrectomy in Western patients series. D-2 gastrectomy with spleen and pancreas routine preservation can be considered a safe treatment for gastric cancer in Western patients, at least in experienced centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-400
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006

Keywords

  • Caudal pancreatectomy
  • gastrectomy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Lymphadenectomy
  • Splenectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Extended lymph node dissection without routine spleno-pancreatectomy for treatment of gastric cancer: Low morbidity and mortality rates in a single center series of 250 patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this