Patients that survive after a stroke event may present disabilities that can persist for a long time or permanently after it. If stroke prevention fails, the prompt and combinatorial intervention with pharmacological and rehabilitation therapy is pivotal for the optimal recovery of patients and the reduction of disabilities. In the present review, we summarize some key features of the complex events that occur in the brain during and after the stroke event, with a special focus on extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their role as both carriers of biomarkers and potential therapeutics. EVs have already demonstrated their ability to be used for diagnostic purposes for multiple brain disorders and could represent valuable tools to track the regenerative and inflammatory processes occurring in the injured brain after stroke. Last, but not least, the use of artificial or stem cell-derived EVs were proved to be effective in stimulating brain remodeling and ameliorating recovery after stroke. Still, effective biomarkers of recovery are needed to design robust trials for the validation of innovative therapeutic strategies, such as regenerative rehabilitation approaches.
- Extracellular vesicles
- Precision medicine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)