From May, 1985 to August, 1987, a total of 2,955 patients with renoureteral stone disease presented at our institution and were treated either by extracorporeal lithotripsy alone or combined with percutaneous nephrolithotomy, ureteroscopy, or open surgery. Seventy-three percent of patients were stone-free at the 3 month follow-up date while 22% presented with negative urine culture and small (less than 5 mm) asymptomatic fragments deemed susceptible to spontaneous discharge. The rate of major complications was extremely low (sepsis, 0.03% and major renal bleeding, 1.55%). The application of this multimodal therapeutic strategy allowed successful treatment in almost every case of renoureteral lithiasis with minor iatrogenic damage to the renal parenchyma.
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