Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Renal Function

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is intended to provide temporary extracorporeal respiratory support by the use of an artificial membrane lung in case of pulmonary failure unresponsive to conventional treatments. ECMO is indicated in case of high mortality risk, provided the underlying pathology is potentially reversible. In this chapter, we discuss the effects of venovenous ECMO on renal function in adult patients, focusing on the incidence and pathophysiology of renal failure in ECMO patients. Furthermore, we briefly describe the techniques available for combined ECMO and renal replacement therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCritical Care Nephrology
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780323449427
ISBN (Print)9780323449427
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Extracorporeal Circulation
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • Inflammation
  • Renal Insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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