Ossigenazione extracorporea a membrana (ECMO) nel neonato e nel bambino con insufficienza respiratoria intrattabile.

Translated title of the contribution: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the newborn infant and the child with intractable respiratory failure

A. Pettenazzo, P. Biban, P. G. Gamba, P. Cogo, F. Zaglia, G. Morbin, A. Amigoni, S. Marzini, L. Chiandetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become a nearly standard treatment for neonates with refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure due to various disease. Even though in the non-neonatal age the experience is less extensive, an increased widespread interest on the possible applications in children with severe life-threatening respiratory or cardiovascular insufficiency is well documented in the literature. General contraindications include presence of active bleeding, underlying lethal disease, congenital malformations, or severe brain damage. Whilst in the neonatal population common entry criteria have been widely accepted, the identification of precise parameters capable to predict mortality and thus indicating an ECMO support in older patients are still lacking. At present, nonetheless, more than 10.000 newborns and 1.000 children with severe respiratory insufficiency at high mortality risk have received an ECMO treatment, with a survival rate of more than 80% and 50%, respectively. The initial results of our ECMO program for both neonatal and pediatric patients with refractory respiratory failure are encouraging, both in terms of mortality and morbidity, and they will be briefly discussed.

Translated title of the contributionExtracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the newborn infant and the child with intractable respiratory failure
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Volume18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the newborn infant and the child with intractable respiratory failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this