Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Pulmonary Support

Alberto Zanella, Eleonora Carlesso, Antonio Pesenti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a lifesaving procedure used to treat patients with severe acute respiratory failure and/or cardiac failure refractory to conventional treatments. During ECMO blood flows through an artificial lung, which loads oxygen and removes carbon dioxide. To support the lungs, blood is drained conventionally from the venous system and reinfused into the venous system, while to support the heart, blood is drained from the venous system and reinfused into the arterial system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCritical Care Nephrology
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780323449427
ISBN (Print)9780323449427
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Carbon dioxide removal
  • ECMO
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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