Extracorporeal photochemotherapy for the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease: Trend for a possible cell dose-related effect?

Paolo Perseghin, Stefania Galimberti, Adriana Balduzzi, Sonia Bonanomi, Valentina Baldini, Attilio Rovelli, Maria Dassi, Alessandro Rambaldi, Luca Castagna, Paola Corti, Enrico M. Pogliani, Cornelio Uderzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) has been progressively introduced into the treatment of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) over the last decade. Nevertheless, its mechanisms of action, as well as the optimal treatment schedule, have not yet been defined. We retrospectively analyzed 25 patients with cGvHD unresponsive to conventional treatments who underwent ECP from 1997 until 2005. The impact of various factors (such as treated and infused nucleated cells, time from transplantation and cGvHD onset, and time from cGvHD and ECP treatment) on the probability of no response to ECP was therefore investigated. A positive response to ECP was achieved in 80% of the patients, after a median of 19 ECP treatments (with a range of 8-38). Eighteen out of the 20 patients responsive to the treatment maintained their response for a median of 30 months. We mainly focused on clinical response and yield composition. The analysis on mononuclear cell (MNC) dose suggested that an increase of MNC dose/kg b.w. (body weight) induced a decrease in the odds of treatment failure, and that, if the MNC dose infused was at least 100 × 106/kg b.w. per ECP treatment, a more positive and longer-lasting response was achieved. Moreover, the mean dose of treated and infused monocytes × 106/kg b.w./ECP did not account for a clear dose-related effect. These findings may eventually result in a more patient-tailored approach to ECP. Prospective multicenter trials should be designed to investigate the real impact of MNC dose on ECP responsiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalTherapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Apheresis
  • Extracorporeal photochemotherapy
  • Graft-versus-host disease
  • Mononuclear cell collection
  • Photopheresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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  • Cite this

    Perseghin, P., Galimberti, S., Balduzzi, A., Bonanomi, S., Baldini, V., Rovelli, A., Dassi, M., Rambaldi, A., Castagna, L., Corti, P., Pogliani, E. M., & Uderzo, C. (2007). Extracorporeal photochemotherapy for the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease: Trend for a possible cell dose-related effect? Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis, 11(2), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-9987.2007.00421.x