Extrapyramidal symptoms and antidepressant drugs: Neuropharmacological aspects of a frequent interaction in the elderly

S. Govoni, M. Racchi, E. Masoero, M. Zamboni, L. Ferini-Strambi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Depression is the most prevalent functional psychiatric disorder in late life. The problem of motor disorders associated with antidepressant use is relevant in the elderly. Elderly people are physically more frail and more likely to be suffering from physical illness, and any drug given may exacerbate pre-existing diseases, or interact with other drug treatments being administered for physical conditions. Antidepressants have been reported to induce extrapyramidal symptoms, including parkinsonism. These observations prompted us to review the neurobiological mechanism that may be involved in this complex interplay including neurotransmitters and neuronal circuits involved in movement and emotion control and their changes related to aging and disease. The study of the correlations between motor and mood disorders and their putative biochemical bases, as presented in this review, provide a rationale either to understand or to foresee motor side effects for psychotropic drugs, in particular antidepressants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Antidepressant drugs
  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Extrapyramidal symptoms
  • Movement disorders
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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