Eye complaints in the office environment: Precorneal tear film integrity influenced by eye blinking efficiency

P. Wolkoff, J. K. Nøjgaard, P. Troiano, B. Piccoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To achieve a common base for understanding work related eye complaints in the office environment, it is necessary to merge approaches from indoor air science, occupational health, and ophthalmology. Based on database searches, it is concluded that precorneal tear film (PTF) alteration leads to eye complaints that may be caused by: (1) thermal factors (low relative humidity; high room temperature); (2) demanding task content (attention decreases blinking and widens the exposed ocular surface area); and (3) individual characteristics (for example, tear film alterations, blinking anomalies, gland dysfunctions, and use of contact lenses). These factors and conditions are able to progressively increase water evaporation and faster thinning of the PTF, which causes dryness and dry spot formation on the cornea, possibly followed by corneal and conjunctiva epithelial alterations and eye complaints. Another possible cause of eye complaints is certain irritating chemical compounds, in addition to oxidation mixtures that are formed in reactions between ozone and unsaturated organic compounds (alkenes). The effect may be exacerbated by low relative humidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

Fingerprint

Blinking
Tears
relative humidity
Humidity
chemical compound
alkene
indoor air
Ozone
Conjunctiva
Contact Lenses
thinning
Alkenes
Occupational Health
organic compound
Ophthalmology
surface area
evaporation
Cornea
ozone
anomaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Eye complaints in the office environment : Precorneal tear film integrity influenced by eye blinking efficiency. / Wolkoff, P.; Nøjgaard, J. K.; Troiano, P.; Piccoli, B.

In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 62, No. 1, 01.2005, p. 4-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dccf2b65e43143c3bdd805ad11d94a77,
title = "Eye complaints in the office environment: Precorneal tear film integrity influenced by eye blinking efficiency",
abstract = "To achieve a common base for understanding work related eye complaints in the office environment, it is necessary to merge approaches from indoor air science, occupational health, and ophthalmology. Based on database searches, it is concluded that precorneal tear film (PTF) alteration leads to eye complaints that may be caused by: (1) thermal factors (low relative humidity; high room temperature); (2) demanding task content (attention decreases blinking and widens the exposed ocular surface area); and (3) individual characteristics (for example, tear film alterations, blinking anomalies, gland dysfunctions, and use of contact lenses). These factors and conditions are able to progressively increase water evaporation and faster thinning of the PTF, which causes dryness and dry spot formation on the cornea, possibly followed by corneal and conjunctiva epithelial alterations and eye complaints. Another possible cause of eye complaints is certain irritating chemical compounds, in addition to oxidation mixtures that are formed in reactions between ozone and unsaturated organic compounds (alkenes). The effect may be exacerbated by low relative humidity.",
author = "P. Wolkoff and N{\o}jgaard, {J. K.} and P. Troiano and B. Piccoli",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1136/oem.2004.016030",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "4--12",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eye complaints in the office environment

T2 - Precorneal tear film integrity influenced by eye blinking efficiency

AU - Wolkoff, P.

AU - Nøjgaard, J. K.

AU - Troiano, P.

AU - Piccoli, B.

PY - 2005/1

Y1 - 2005/1

N2 - To achieve a common base for understanding work related eye complaints in the office environment, it is necessary to merge approaches from indoor air science, occupational health, and ophthalmology. Based on database searches, it is concluded that precorneal tear film (PTF) alteration leads to eye complaints that may be caused by: (1) thermal factors (low relative humidity; high room temperature); (2) demanding task content (attention decreases blinking and widens the exposed ocular surface area); and (3) individual characteristics (for example, tear film alterations, blinking anomalies, gland dysfunctions, and use of contact lenses). These factors and conditions are able to progressively increase water evaporation and faster thinning of the PTF, which causes dryness and dry spot formation on the cornea, possibly followed by corneal and conjunctiva epithelial alterations and eye complaints. Another possible cause of eye complaints is certain irritating chemical compounds, in addition to oxidation mixtures that are formed in reactions between ozone and unsaturated organic compounds (alkenes). The effect may be exacerbated by low relative humidity.

AB - To achieve a common base for understanding work related eye complaints in the office environment, it is necessary to merge approaches from indoor air science, occupational health, and ophthalmology. Based on database searches, it is concluded that precorneal tear film (PTF) alteration leads to eye complaints that may be caused by: (1) thermal factors (low relative humidity; high room temperature); (2) demanding task content (attention decreases blinking and widens the exposed ocular surface area); and (3) individual characteristics (for example, tear film alterations, blinking anomalies, gland dysfunctions, and use of contact lenses). These factors and conditions are able to progressively increase water evaporation and faster thinning of the PTF, which causes dryness and dry spot formation on the cornea, possibly followed by corneal and conjunctiva epithelial alterations and eye complaints. Another possible cause of eye complaints is certain irritating chemical compounds, in addition to oxidation mixtures that are formed in reactions between ozone and unsaturated organic compounds (alkenes). The effect may be exacerbated by low relative humidity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=11244250808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=11244250808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/oem.2004.016030

DO - 10.1136/oem.2004.016030

M3 - Article

C2 - 15613602

AN - SCOPUS:11244250808

VL - 62

SP - 4

EP - 12

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 1

ER -