Eyelid dermatitis: An evaluation of 447 patients

Fabio Ayala, Gabriella Fabbrocini, Roberto Bacchilega, Enzo Berardesca, Stefano Caraffini, Monica Corazza, Maria Laura Flori, Stefano Francalanci, Marcella Guarrera, Paolo Lisi, Baldassarre Santucci, Donatella Schena, Francesco Suppa, Rossano Valsecchi, Colombina Vincenzi, Nicola Balato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Backqround: Eyelids can be affected by various types of dermatitis that are often difficult to diagnose. Objective: The aim of the study was to establish some guidelines for a correct diagnosis. Methods: A total of 447 patients treated at 12 research units for eczema or other inflammatory dermatitis located on the eyelids were invited to complete a questionnaire. When necessary, patch tests with haptens of the standard series from Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca sulle Dermatiti da Contatto e Ambientali della Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Venereologia (SIDEV-GIRDCA) were performed. Results: Of the subjects studied, 50.2 % were diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD); 20.9% were affected by irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), 13.5% by atopic dermatitis, 6.3% by seborrheic dermatitis, 6.5% by aspecific xerotic dermatitis, and 2.3% by psoriasis. Approximately 91% of all subjects reported an absence of familial atopy. A significant statistical association between diagnosis type and a personal history of atopy was evident (p <.000001, chi-square test). The results of gradual logistic regression models showed four-eyelid involvement as the main risk factor for ACD (odds ratio [OR] = 3.0; 95% CI, 1.1-8.1); with ICD, the main risk factor was the onset of symptoms at between 2 and 6 months (OR = 2.1; 95% CI, 1.1-4.0), whereas for atopic dermatitis, the main risk factors were the onset of symptoms later than 6 months and a personal history of atopy (OR = 4.9 and 3.6, respectively). Conclusion: Results suggest that many characteristics of the patients examined can be used for the differential diagnosis of palpebral eczematous dermatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Contact Dermatitis
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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