Purpose. To evaluate prevalence of Eyelid myoclonia with absence (EMA) among Idiopathic generalized Epilepsies (IGE), and its clinical and evolutive characteristics. Material and method. Retrospective analysis of 2780 epileptic pts. Inclusion criteria: Eyelid myoclonia and microabsences, related to EEG generalized paroxysmal activity, and triggered by eye closure and/or intermittent photic stimulation. Results. 7.46% of pts. with IGE are classified as EMA. Female/male ratio is 1.7:1. Positive familial history is present in about an half of pts, with two pair of identical twins. Rare generalized tonic-clonic seizures occurred in most pts. Conclusions. EMA is a not infrequent IGE syndrome, and, possibly, underdiagnosed because of the paucity of clinical semiology and of the modification of EEG findings induced by AEDs. Video-EEG analysis is sometimes necessary for diagnosis of EMA.
|Translated title of the contribution||Eyelid myoclonia with absences. An overlooked syndrome?|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Bollettino - Lega Italiana contro l'Epilessia|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology