F-18 FDG PET/CT in the assessment of patients with unexplained CEA rise after surgical curative resection for colorectal cancer

S. Giacomobono, R. Gallicchio, D. Capacchione, A. Nardelli, D. Gattozzi, G. Lettini, L. Molinari, P. Mainenti, A. Cammarota, G. Storto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We evaluated the role of quantitative assessment by maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) on F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose [F-18]FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in stratifying colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with unexplained carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) rise after surgical curative resection. Material and methods: Forty asymptomatic patients (mean age, 64 ± 12 years) with previous CRC and current serum CEA levels >5 ng/ml underwent [F-18] FDG PET/CT 13 ± 3 months after complete surgical resection. The SUVmax was registered on anastomosis and peri-anastomotic tissue lesions, if present. The patients were followed for 24 ± 9 months thereafter. Re-intervention, evidence of newly discovered distant metastases, and death were recognized as main events and constituted surrogate end points. The receiver-operator-curve (ROC) analysis was performed to estimate the optimal SUVmax cut-off to predict patients at high risk of main events. PET/CT results were then related to disease outcome (overall survival; OS). Results: The mean SUVmax at the anastomotic site was 6.2 ± 3 (range 2.6-15). At multivariate logistic regression analysis, the anastomotic SUVmax remained as the only significant contributor to the prediction of the events (p = 0.004; OR 1.97). The ROC analysis recognized that the optimal threshold of SUVmax to differentiate patients was 5.7. A worse OS was observed in patients presenting with a SUVmax greater than 5.7 as compared to those having lesser (median survival: 16 vs. 31 months; p = 0.002). Conclusions: The quantitative assessment by SUVmax on [F-18]FDG PET/CT may be helpful in patients presenting with unexplained CEA rise after curative resection of CRC, by identifying those at risk of main events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1699-1705
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • [F-18]FDG PET/CT
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Loco-regional relapse
  • Quantitative assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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