Facilitation of completely paralyzed forearm muscle activity in chronic stroke patients

E. Garcia-Cossio, N. Birbaumer, A. Ramos-Murguialday

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Stroke is the main cause of hemiparesis in developed countries. Very often upper limbs are compromised and the hemiparesis is characterized by abnormal muscle activations especially at the level of the wrist and fingers (distal muscles). In this study we investigated the stability and strength of paretic upper limb muscle activity during different bilateral movements eliciting different postures and muscle recruitment. We recorded surface EMG of 45 severe chronic stroke patients without residual finger extension during six bimanual movements. Sixteen bipolar-EMG electrodes were placed on both upper limbs at the level of proximal and distal areas. We extracted the waveform length from the EMG data, in order to investigate muscle activity level at the paralyzed muscles during all movements. Our results indicated that different positions during multi-joint movements of the upper limb facilitated the contraction of the affected muscles (forearm extensors) involuntarily during the movement in which this activation was not expected (e.g. abduction of the upper arm) in more than 64% of the patients. Here, we show that severe affected chronic stroke patients can induce a higher activation of the paretic muscles of the forearm by changing the upper limb posture. This might be an important hint to design multi-joint coordinated movements involving proximal and distal musculature for stroke motor rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER
Pages1545-1548
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 6th International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER 2013 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 6 2013Nov 8 2013

Other

Other2013 6th International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, NER 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period11/6/1311/8/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Mechanical Engineering

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