Background. Total hip arthroplasty is a successful surgery, that fails at a rate of approximately 10% at ten years from surgery. Causes for failure are mainly aseptic loosening of one or both components partially due to wear of articular surfaces and partially to design. The present analysis aimed to identify risk factors and quantify their effects on aseptic failure. Methods. Multivariate survival analysis was applied to 4,750 primary total hip arthroplasties performed between 1995 and 2000. Results. The survival of the prosthesis is affected by gender, age, pathology, type of the prosthesis and skill of the. The worst conditions are male patients, younger than 40 years, affected by sequelae of congenital diseases, operated by a who performed less than 400 total hip artroplasty in the period. Furthermore, cemented cups and stems (less expensive) have a higher risk of failure compared with uncemented ones (more expensive). Conclusion. The only variable that affects survival and that can be modified by is the type of prosthesis: a lower cost is associated to a higher risk. Results concerning the risk associated with cemented components are partially in disagreement with studies performed in countries where cemented prostheses are used more often than uncemented ones.
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