Factors associated with an individuals' decision to withdraw from genetic counseling for BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes mutations: Are personality traits involved?

Anita Caruso, Cristina Vigna, Valentina Bigazzi, Carlo Leone, Gabriella Maggi, Aline Martayan, Fabio M. Sega, Francesco Cognetti, Antonella Savarese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate factors associated with early withdrawal from oncogenetic counseling. A comparison of psycho-social and personality characteristics of two samples of subjects, attendees and withdrawers was carried out. Self-report questionnaires were completed by 112 individuals who had completed counseling and to 56 individuals who withdrew from it. Individuals with few children (OR. 1,724; p = 0,017; CI = 1,101-2,700), a lower number of cancer affected relatives (OR. 1,301; p = 0,000; CI = 1,145-1,479), and with a lower hypomanic scale score (OR. 1,070; p = 0,004; CI = 1,022-1,121), were more likely to withdraw from counseling. It is important for the counselees to draw more attention to the fact that their cancer risk management and prevention is as fundamental as that of their children. Also, it is important to highlight the fact that having less cancer affected relatives does not necessarily mean being at lower risk. In conclusion, that subjects with low levels of psychological and emotional energy are those who probably need greater psychological support during the decision making process. We deem necessary that psychologists, involved in genetic counseling, investigate these aspects during their sessions in order to implement suitable interventions of psychological support during the entire counseling process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-589
Number of pages9
JournalFamilial Cancer
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Genetic counseling
  • Hereditary tumours
  • Personality
  • Psychological distress
  • Psychology
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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