Factors influencing outcomes of rheolytic thrombectomy on thrombosed dialysis access grafts: Door to angiographic bed time and what else?

Anna Maria Ierardi, Aldo Carnevale, Andrea Coppola, Matteo Renzulli, Matteo Crippa, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Rita Golfieri, Melchiore Giganti, Gianpaolo Carrafiello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the time interval from clinical presentation of arteriovenous graft thrombosis and the thrombectomy procedure by the AngioJet system in terms of technical and clinical success and to identify factors influencing success. Methods: A total of 60 consecutive patients (35 men and 25 women; mean age = 52 ± 7.89 years) who had undergone percutaneous thrombectomy by the AngioJet device from 2016 to 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. Demographics and fistula data, previous treatments, time from clinical onset of thrombosis to intervention, procedural details and complications were recorded. Technical and clinical success and primary and secondary patency rates were calculated. One-way analysis of variance was performed to test any correlation between patient-related and fistula/procedure-related variables and technical/clinical success. Odds ratio and relative risk were also calculated when necessary. Results: Technical success and clinical success were 95% and 91.7%, respectively. Post-interventional primary and secondary patency rates at 1 year were 72.5% and 84.3%, respectively. Complication rate was 6.7%. One-way analysis of variance showed that clinical success was higher in patients with no previous treatment (p = 0.015). Furthermore, clinical success was significantly associated with door to angiographic bed time (p = 0.002): p-value for the 24-h and the 72-h cut-off was 0.012 and 0.006, respectively. Conclusion: Percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy is safe and effective for thrombosed arteriovenous grafts, with acceptable primary and secondary patency rates. Higher clinical success was found in patients never treated before and when the procedure was carried out within 24 h from the clinical onset of thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vascular Access
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • arteriovenous graft
  • endovascular thrombectomy
  • prognosis
  • Rheolytic thrombectomy
  • thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Nephrology

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