The domestic dog could be a valuable model for studying and developing assisted reproduction in taxonomically related endangered Canids. However, the efficiency of in vitro oocyte maturation is very low in this species compared to that of other mammalian species and this limits the development of reproductive biotechnologies, such as in vitro embryo production, cryopreservation, or nucleus transfer. In canine species the female gamete has unique characteristics: the oocyte is exposed to high concentration of progesterone in the follicular environment, it is ovulated in the dictyate state, and resumes and completes meiosis in the oviduct. Therefore, optimum conditions for in vitro maturation of dog oocytes may differ from other mammalian models in which follicles, where estrogens are the dominant hormones, ovulate oocytes at the Metaphase II stage of the first meiotic division. An in vitro culture system needs to be based on in vivo conditions in order to create a microenvironment similar to that in which oocyte development occurs physiologically, but little is known on mechanisms regulating oocyte maturation in the dog. This review analyzes the known factors involved in canine oocyte maturation in vivo and in vitro in order to suggest on which aspects future investigations may be focused.
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology