Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders

Kaloyan Kamenov, Maria Cabello, Francisco Félix Caballero, Alarcos Cieza, Carla Sabariego, Alberto Raggi, Marta Anczewska, Tuuli Pitkänen, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the huge body of research on social support, literature has been primarily focused on its beneficial role for both physical and mental health. It is still unclear why people with mental and neurological disorders experience low levels of social support. The main objective of this study was to explore what are the strongest factors related to social support and how do they interact with each other in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study used crosssectional data from 722 persons suffering from dementia, depression, epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, and substance use disorders. Multiple linear regressions showed that disability was the strongest factor for social support. Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable. Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support. Moderation analysis revealed that people that had mental disorders experienced lower levels of support when being highly disabled compared to people with neurological disorders. Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support. Future longitudinal research, however, is warranted to explore causality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0149356
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

behavior disorders
nervous system diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders
Social Support
Personality
Linear regression
Health
migraine
mental health
dementia
epilepsy
Parkinson disease
sclerosis
social support
Migraine Disorders
stroke
Research
Causality
Multiple Sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kamenov, K., Cabello, M., Caballero, F. F., Cieza, A., Sabariego, C., Raggi, A., ... Ayuso-Mateos, J. L. (2016). Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders. PLoS One, 11(2), [e0149356]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149356

Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders. / Kamenov, Kaloyan; Cabello, Maria; Caballero, Francisco Félix; Cieza, Alarcos; Sabariego, Carla; Raggi, Alberto; Anczewska, Marta; Pitkänen, Tuuli; Ayuso-Mateos, Jose Luis.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 2, e0149356, 01.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamenov, K, Cabello, M, Caballero, FF, Cieza, A, Sabariego, C, Raggi, A, Anczewska, M, Pitkänen, T & Ayuso-Mateos, JL 2016, 'Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders', PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 2, e0149356. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149356
Kamenov K, Cabello M, Caballero FF, Cieza A, Sabariego C, Raggi A et al. Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders. PLoS One. 2016 Feb 1;11(2). e0149356. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149356
Kamenov, Kaloyan ; Cabello, Maria ; Caballero, Francisco Félix ; Cieza, Alarcos ; Sabariego, Carla ; Raggi, Alberto ; Anczewska, Marta ; Pitkänen, Tuuli ; Ayuso-Mateos, Jose Luis. / Factors related to social support in neurological and mental disorders. In: PLoS One. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 2.
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