FAK+ and PYK2/CAKβ, two related tyrosine kinases highly expressed in the central nervous system: Similarities and differences in the expression pattern

Andrea Menegon, Ferran Burgaya, Pierre Baudot, David D. Dunlap, Jean Antoine Girault, Flavia Valtorta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2/cell adhesion kinase β (PYK2/CAKβ) are related, non-receptor, cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases, highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). In addition, FAK+ is a splice isoform of FAK containing a 3-amino acid insertion in the carboxy-terminal region. In rat hippocampal slices, FAK+ and PYK2/CAKβ are differentially regulated by neurotransmitters and depolarization. We have studied the regional and cellular distribution of these kinases in adult rat brain and during development. Whereas PYK2/CAKβ expression increased with postnatal age and was maximal in the adult, FAK+ levels were stable. PYK2/CAKβ mRNAs, detected by in situ hybridization, were expressed at low levels in the embryonic brain, and became very abundant in the adult forebrain. Immunocytochemistry of the adult brain showed a widespread neuronal distribution of FAK+ and PYK2/CAKβ immunoreactivities (ir), PYK2/CAKβ appeared to be particularly abundant in the hippocampus. In hippocampal neurons in culture at early stages of development, FAK+ and PYK2/CAKβ were enriched in the perikarya and growth cones. FAK+ extended to the periphery of the growth cones tips, whereas PYK2/CAKβ appeared to be excluded from the lamellipodia. During the establishment of polarity, a proximal-distal gradient of increasing PYK2/CAKβ-ir could be observed in the growing axon. In most older neurons, FAK+-ir was confined to the cell bodies, whereas PYK2/CAKβ-ir was also present in the processes. In vitro and in vivo, a subpopulation of neurons displayed neurites with intense FAK+-ir. Thus, FAK+ and PYK2/CAKβ are differentially regulated during development yet they are both abundantly expressed in the adult brain, with distinctive but overlapping distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3777-3788
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Development
  • Growth cone
  • Hippocampus
  • Protein kinase
  • Protein phosphorylation
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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