Falls in the elderly: The development of a risk questionnaire and posturographic findings

Dario Alpini, Reuven Kohen-Ratz, Riki Braun, Aaron Burstin, Luigi Tesio, Luigi Pugnetti, Laura Mendozzi, Giuseppe Sambataro, Antonio Cesarani, Davide Antonio Giuliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In elderly people, owing to a perturbation at several levels, including the motor, sensory and cognitive levels, a condition of dizziness and unsteadiness complicated by frequent falls often appears. In this article, we review the most recent information about clinical and instrumental tools available for preventing mobility-related accidents and report the results of a comparative study of postural control, carried out through tetraataxiometry (by Tetrax, Tel Aviv, Israel), in two samples of elderly women belonging to two different populations: 24 Italian women (11 reporting falls and 13 without falls) having a mean age of 73.1 years, and 37 Israeli women (12 with falls and 25 without falls) having a mean age of 72.5 years. The posturographic findings show that the falling subjects, to maintain postural control, are highly dependent on somatosensory inputs and have a weaker "systeme postural fin" (fine postural system), according to Gagey. They also show that an elderly subpopulation exists that, for unknown reasons, is immune to destabilization and falls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-108
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Tinnitus Journal
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Falling risk inventory
  • Falls
  • Tetraataxiometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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