FAM46A mutations are responsible for autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta

Mathilde Doyard, Séverine Bacrot, Céline Huber, Maja Di Rocco, Alice Goldenberg, Mona S. Aglan, Perrine Brunelle, Samia Temtamy, Caroline Michot, Ghada A. Otaify, Coralie Haudry, Mireille Castanet, Julien Leroux, Jean Paul Bonnefont, Arnold Munnich, Geneviève Baujat, Pablo Lapunzina, Sophie Monnot, Victor L. Ruiz-Perez, Valérie Cormier-Daire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Stüve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is characterised by bowing of the lower limbs, respiratory distress and hyperthermia that are often responsible for early death. Survivors develop progressive scoliosis and spontaneous fractures. We previously identified LIFR mutations in most SWS cases, but absence of LIFR pathogenic changes in five patients led us to perform exome sequencing and to identify homozygosity for a FAM46A mutation in one case [p.Ser205Tyrfs∗13]. The follow-up of this case supported a final diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), based on vertebral collapses and blue sclerae. Methods and results This prompted us to screen FAM46A in 25 OI patients with no known mutations. We identified a homozygous deleterious variant in FAM46A in two affected sibs with typical OI [p.His127Arg]. Another homozygous variant, [p.Asp231Gly], also classed as deleterious, was detected in a patient with type III OI of consanguineous parents using homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing. FAM46A is a member of the superfamily of nucleotidyltransferase fold proteins but its exact function is presently unknown. Nevertheless, there are lines of evidence pointing to a relevant role of FAM46A in bone development. By RT-PCR analysis, we detected specific expression of FAM46A in human osteoblasts andinterestingly, a nonsense mutation in Fam46a has been recently identified in an ENU-derived (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea) mouse model characterised by decreased body length, limb, rib, pelvis, and skull deformities and reduced cortical thickness in long bones. Conclusion We conclude that FAM46A mutations are responsible for a severe form of OI with congenital bowing of the lower limbs and suggest screening this gene in unexplained OI forms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • calcium and bone
  • clinical genetics
  • developmental

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Doyard, M., Bacrot, S., Huber, C., Di Rocco, M., Goldenberg, A., Aglan, M. S., Brunelle, P., Temtamy, S., Michot, C., Otaify, G. A., Haudry, C., Castanet, M., Leroux, J., Bonnefont, J. P., Munnich, A., Baujat, G., Lapunzina, P., Monnot, S., Ruiz-Perez, V. L., & Cormier-Daire, V. (2018). FAM46A mutations are responsible for autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta. Journal of Medical Genetics, 55(4), 278-284. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-104999