Familial aggregation of "apple peel" intestinal atresia and cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions: A possible causal relationship with NOTCH1 gene mutations

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Abstract

"Apple peel" intestinal atresia is a rare form of small bowel atresia, in which the duodenum or proximal jejunum ends in a blind pouch and the distal small bowel wraps around its vascular supply, in a spiral resembling an apple peel. The etiology of "apple peel" intestinal atresia is presently unknown, although a congenital or acquired intestinal vascular accident can have a role in the pathogenesis. We report a family in which the proband affected by "apple peel" intestinal atresia, had a sibling (an interrupted pregnancy), and a paternal cousin with cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions. Molecular testing for NOTCH1 gene was carried out in the proband, because pathogenic mutations in this gene have been associated with familial and sporadic cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions and vascular anomalies, both isolated or within the spectrum of the Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS). The heterozygous c.2734C>T (p.Arg912Trp) NOTCH1 variant was found in the proband with "apple peel" intestinal atresia and in his father. This result argues for a possible causal relationship between NOTCH1 gene mutations and some forms of intestinal defects, through a vascular mechanism. The spectrum of NOTCH1-associated malformations is widened. Genetic counseling should take into account intrafamilial variable clinical expression and incomplete penetrance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 20 2019

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Intestinal Atresia
Blood Vessels
Mutation
Genes
Penetrance
Genetic Counseling
Malus
Jejunum
Duodenum
Fathers
Accidents
Siblings
Pregnancy

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title = "Familial aggregation of {"}apple peel{"} intestinal atresia and cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions: A possible causal relationship with NOTCH1 gene mutations",
abstract = "{"}Apple peel{"} intestinal atresia is a rare form of small bowel atresia, in which the duodenum or proximal jejunum ends in a blind pouch and the distal small bowel wraps around its vascular supply, in a spiral resembling an apple peel. The etiology of {"}apple peel{"} intestinal atresia is presently unknown, although a congenital or acquired intestinal vascular accident can have a role in the pathogenesis. We report a family in which the proband affected by {"}apple peel{"} intestinal atresia, had a sibling (an interrupted pregnancy), and a paternal cousin with cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions. Molecular testing for NOTCH1 gene was carried out in the proband, because pathogenic mutations in this gene have been associated with familial and sporadic cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions and vascular anomalies, both isolated or within the spectrum of the Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS). The heterozygous c.2734C>T (p.Arg912Trp) NOTCH1 variant was found in the proband with {"}apple peel{"} intestinal atresia and in his father. This result argues for a possible causal relationship between NOTCH1 gene mutations and some forms of intestinal defects, through a vascular mechanism. The spectrum of NOTCH1-associated malformations is widened. Genetic counseling should take into account intrafamilial variable clinical expression and incomplete penetrance.",
author = "Digilio, {M Cristina} and Monia Magliozzi and {Di Pede}, Alessandra and Laura Valfr{\`e} and Dentici, {Maria Lisa} and Cinzia Auriti and Bruno Marino and Antonio Novelli and Bruno Dallapiccola",
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T2 - A possible causal relationship with NOTCH1 gene mutations

AU - Digilio, M Cristina

AU - Magliozzi, Monia

AU - Di Pede, Alessandra

AU - Valfrè, Laura

AU - Dentici, Maria Lisa

AU - Auriti, Cinzia

AU - Marino, Bruno

AU - Novelli, Antonio

AU - Dallapiccola, Bruno

N1 - © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2019/5/20

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N2 - "Apple peel" intestinal atresia is a rare form of small bowel atresia, in which the duodenum or proximal jejunum ends in a blind pouch and the distal small bowel wraps around its vascular supply, in a spiral resembling an apple peel. The etiology of "apple peel" intestinal atresia is presently unknown, although a congenital or acquired intestinal vascular accident can have a role in the pathogenesis. We report a family in which the proband affected by "apple peel" intestinal atresia, had a sibling (an interrupted pregnancy), and a paternal cousin with cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions. Molecular testing for NOTCH1 gene was carried out in the proband, because pathogenic mutations in this gene have been associated with familial and sporadic cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions and vascular anomalies, both isolated or within the spectrum of the Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS). The heterozygous c.2734C>T (p.Arg912Trp) NOTCH1 variant was found in the proband with "apple peel" intestinal atresia and in his father. This result argues for a possible causal relationship between NOTCH1 gene mutations and some forms of intestinal defects, through a vascular mechanism. The spectrum of NOTCH1-associated malformations is widened. Genetic counseling should take into account intrafamilial variable clinical expression and incomplete penetrance.

AB - "Apple peel" intestinal atresia is a rare form of small bowel atresia, in which the duodenum or proximal jejunum ends in a blind pouch and the distal small bowel wraps around its vascular supply, in a spiral resembling an apple peel. The etiology of "apple peel" intestinal atresia is presently unknown, although a congenital or acquired intestinal vascular accident can have a role in the pathogenesis. We report a family in which the proband affected by "apple peel" intestinal atresia, had a sibling (an interrupted pregnancy), and a paternal cousin with cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions. Molecular testing for NOTCH1 gene was carried out in the proband, because pathogenic mutations in this gene have been associated with familial and sporadic cardiac left-sided obstructive lesions and vascular anomalies, both isolated or within the spectrum of the Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS). The heterozygous c.2734C>T (p.Arg912Trp) NOTCH1 variant was found in the proband with "apple peel" intestinal atresia and in his father. This result argues for a possible causal relationship between NOTCH1 gene mutations and some forms of intestinal defects, through a vascular mechanism. The spectrum of NOTCH1-associated malformations is widened. Genetic counseling should take into account intrafamilial variable clinical expression and incomplete penetrance.

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