The plasma lipoproteins are a group of macromolecules all of which transport lipids, including cholesterol, triglyceride and phospholipid, and all of which have one or more protein constituentss called apoproteins. It is becoming apparent that the apoproteins play an important role in lipoprotein metabolism. Recently the so called 'alpha hypothesis' has been proposed, according to which a protective role for HDL in atherosclerosis has been postulated. Three 'experiments of nature', characterized by deficiences of HDL as genetic disorders, namely Tangier disease, familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia, familial lecithin: cholesterol acetyltransferase deficiency, support the the 'alpha hypothesis'. The first Italian cases with the genetic disorders are presented.
|Translated title of the contribution||Familial deficiency of alphalipoproteins. Tangier disease, familial hypoalphalipoproteinaemia and familial lecithincholesterol acyltransferase deficiency|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1983|
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