We describe a previously unreported defect of protein S characterized by low levels of cofactor activity for activated protein C contrasting with low normal levels of total and free protein S antigen. The distribution of protein S between the free form and the form complexed with the complement component C4b-binding protein was normal on two-dimensional immunoelectrophoresis. The proband developed juvenile deep-vein thrombosis while taking oral contraceptives. Her defect was transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion from her asymptomatic mother. Other relatives carrying the same laboratory abnormality (mother, maternal uncle, two sisters and one brother) were also asympatomatic. We postulate that the defect is due to a dysfunctional protein S present in plasma in normal amounts and with normal proportions of the free and complexed forms of the protein.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
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