We describe a premature twin born at 30 wk of gestational age, affected with familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Two different mutations were identified in his DNA: one inherited from the mother and one from the father. Haemophagocytosis had been confirmed in his twin brother, who died soon after birth, as well as in the re-evaluation of the autopsy of his older sister, who died 1 y earlier. At 26 d of age, chemotherapy and immune-suppressive treatment were started according to the HLH-94 protocol. At 6 mo of age, a bone marrow transplant from an HLA-identical, unrelated volunteer was performed. Now at 32 mo of age, the infant is healthy and without signs of graft-versus-host disease. Conclusion: This case report shows that immuno-chemotherapy and allogenic bone marrow transplant are feasible even in premature infants affected with familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which should be ruled out in unknown bleeding disorders of neonates.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|
- Farquhar's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health