Most of primary immunodeficiencies with hypogammaglobulinemia are associated with reduced memory B cells. T cell development may be interesting as well, but increased recent thymic emigrants are rarely reported in these patients. We report the case of a family (mother and her two sons) diagnosed with common variable immunodeficiency 10 due to a mutation in the NFKB2 gene. Laboratory findings showed that all three patients presented hypogammaglobulinemia, reduced memory B cells and elevated naïve T lymphocytes and recent thymic emigrants. This feature, in the absence of glucocorticoid deficiency, may suggest a primary thymic dysfunction. Interestingly, the mother presented the worst immune phenotype, as regards both antibody production and NK function, indicating that immune function may deteriorate in the course of time. We conclude that close monitoring of immune functions may widen the knowledge on the CVID10 and improve the patients’ care.
- Common variable immunodeficiency
- NK degranulation
- Recent thymic emigrants
ASJC Scopus subject areas