Family and molecular data for a fine analysis of age at onset in Huntington disease

F. Squitieri, G. Sabbadini, P. Mandich, C. Gellera, E. Di Maria, E. Bellone, B. Castellotti, E. Nargi, U. De Grazia, M. Frontali, A. Novelletto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analyzed the data on age at onset and CAG size of 319 patients clinically diagnosed with Huntington disease (HD) and 86 presymptomatic subjects recorded by four Italian Centers over the last 14 years. To overcome the problem of different CAG numbers found in each subject, also in the same family, the data were analyzed in terms of deviations from the average exponential relationship between onset and CAG number. The subject's year of birth was also considered to quantify possible sampling biases. Observations between relatives were compared with those of the whole group. The deviations were equal, on average, in subjects who inherited their HD gene from their fathers or mothers. Overall, our data argue in favor of a greater similarity across the same generation than across successive generations. In particular, an excess of parents with later than expected age of onset was observed, paralleled by a CAG-independent anticipation of onset in parent-child transmissions. These results can be interpreted in terms of a shared environment determining similar departures from the average CAG-onset relationship but also of a systematic effect that differentiates the two generations here examined. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 2000

Keywords

  • Anticipation
  • CAG-onset relationship
  • Familial aggregation for onset
  • Huntington disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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