Family planning 2011: Better use of existing methods, new strategies and more informed choices for female contraception

D. T. Baird, J. L H Evers, K. Gemzell-Danielsson, A. Glasier, S. R. Killick, P. F A Van Look, P. Vercellini, B. O. Yildiz, G. Benagiano, D. Cibula, P. G. Crosignani, L. Gianaroli, C. La Vecchia, E. Negri, A. Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: This paper explores recent developments in female contraception, using them to illustrate how adaptation of existing methods, improved service delivery and understanding contraceptive behaviour might increase contraceptive uptake and correct and consistent use, and how the development of new methods holds some promise for capitalizing on the potential non-contraceptive benefits. Methods: Searches were performed in Medline and other databases. Selection criteria included high-quality studies and studies relevant to clinical reproductive medicine. Summaries were presented and discussed by the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) Workshop Group. Results: The topics discussed include: adapted regimens for combined oral contraceptive pills, non-invasive methods of female sterilization, the need to improve the awareness of pregnancy risk to increase the use of emergency contraception, improvements in the evidence base for the safety and service delivery of intrauterine methods, emphasis on the potential benefits of combined oral contraceptives for women with hirsutism and acne, the potential of female sterilization to prevent ovarian cancer, and the promise of anti-progesterones and new approaches to dual protection. Conclusions: Although great strides have been made in recent years in increasing contraceptive use among women in many countries where contraceptive prevalence is low or there is a high unmet need for contraception, much more can, and needs to, be done.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdms021
Pages (from-to)670-681
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Reproduction Update
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • Anti-progestins
  • Contraception
  • Family planning
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Sterilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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