Fast gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the evaluation of plasma fatty acid turnover using [1-13C]palmitate

Fulvio Magni, Piero M. Piatti, Lucilla D. Monti, Paolo Lecchi, Antonio E. Pontiroli, Guido Pozza, M. Galli Kienle

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Abstract

Turnover of plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) can be determined from the palmitate enrichment of plasma after administration of analogues labeled with stable isotopes. We studied the conditions to measure both the concentration and the 13C enrichment of plasma palmitate by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using crude extracts. The method used plasma extraction after addition of heptadecanoic acid as internal standard and methylation with diazomethane. Subsequently the samples were analyzed by GC-MS. Plasma palmitate levels determined with this simplified method did not differ statistically from those obtained by a more "classical" procedure using FFA separation from other plasma lipids. Palmitic acid turnover rates (Ra) were evaluated in the steady-state period, in two normal subjects after 90 min infusion with [1-13C]palmitate bound to human albumin. The rate of appearance (Ra) was found to be 0.92 and 1.08 mmol kg-1 min-1, which is in good agreement with the turnover rate previously reported for normal subjects. Sample preparation and GC-MS analysis by the proposed procedure are simple and rapid and thus the method appears to be particularly useful in clinical studies where numerous samples have to be analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Volume657
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1994

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Palmitates
Fatty Acids
Gases
Plasmas
Gas chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Diazomethane
Methylation
Palmitic Acid
Complex Mixtures
Isotopes
Albumins
Lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Fast gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the evaluation of plasma fatty acid turnover using [1-13C]palmitate",
abstract = "Turnover of plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) can be determined from the palmitate enrichment of plasma after administration of analogues labeled with stable isotopes. We studied the conditions to measure both the concentration and the 13C enrichment of plasma palmitate by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using crude extracts. The method used plasma extraction after addition of heptadecanoic acid as internal standard and methylation with diazomethane. Subsequently the samples were analyzed by GC-MS. Plasma palmitate levels determined with this simplified method did not differ statistically from those obtained by a more {"}classical{"} procedure using FFA separation from other plasma lipids. Palmitic acid turnover rates (Ra) were evaluated in the steady-state period, in two normal subjects after 90 min infusion with [1-13C]palmitate bound to human albumin. The rate of appearance (Ra) was found to be 0.92 and 1.08 mmol kg-1 min-1, which is in good agreement with the turnover rate previously reported for normal subjects. Sample preparation and GC-MS analysis by the proposed procedure are simple and rapid and thus the method appears to be particularly useful in clinical studies where numerous samples have to be analyzed.",
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T1 - Fast gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the evaluation of plasma fatty acid turnover using [1-13C]palmitate

AU - Magni, Fulvio

AU - Piatti, Piero M.

AU - Monti, Lucilla D.

AU - Lecchi, Paolo

AU - Pontiroli, Antonio E.

AU - Pozza, Guido

AU - Galli Kienle, M.

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N2 - Turnover of plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) can be determined from the palmitate enrichment of plasma after administration of analogues labeled with stable isotopes. We studied the conditions to measure both the concentration and the 13C enrichment of plasma palmitate by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using crude extracts. The method used plasma extraction after addition of heptadecanoic acid as internal standard and methylation with diazomethane. Subsequently the samples were analyzed by GC-MS. Plasma palmitate levels determined with this simplified method did not differ statistically from those obtained by a more "classical" procedure using FFA separation from other plasma lipids. Palmitic acid turnover rates (Ra) were evaluated in the steady-state period, in two normal subjects after 90 min infusion with [1-13C]palmitate bound to human albumin. The rate of appearance (Ra) was found to be 0.92 and 1.08 mmol kg-1 min-1, which is in good agreement with the turnover rate previously reported for normal subjects. Sample preparation and GC-MS analysis by the proposed procedure are simple and rapid and thus the method appears to be particularly useful in clinical studies where numerous samples have to be analyzed.

AB - Turnover of plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) can be determined from the palmitate enrichment of plasma after administration of analogues labeled with stable isotopes. We studied the conditions to measure both the concentration and the 13C enrichment of plasma palmitate by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using crude extracts. The method used plasma extraction after addition of heptadecanoic acid as internal standard and methylation with diazomethane. Subsequently the samples were analyzed by GC-MS. Plasma palmitate levels determined with this simplified method did not differ statistically from those obtained by a more "classical" procedure using FFA separation from other plasma lipids. Palmitic acid turnover rates (Ra) were evaluated in the steady-state period, in two normal subjects after 90 min infusion with [1-13C]palmitate bound to human albumin. The rate of appearance (Ra) was found to be 0.92 and 1.08 mmol kg-1 min-1, which is in good agreement with the turnover rate previously reported for normal subjects. Sample preparation and GC-MS analysis by the proposed procedure are simple and rapid and thus the method appears to be particularly useful in clinical studies where numerous samples have to be analyzed.

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