Fast-slow and slow-slow form of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia sustained by the same reentrant circuit: A case report

Francesco Cantù, Paolo De Filippo, Roberto Rordorf, Gaetano M. De Ferrari, Folco Frattini, Barbara Petracci, Giovanni Russo, Marina Cerrone, Maurizio Landolina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been suggested that a reentrant circuit confined to the posterior extensions of the atrioventricular node underlies both fast-slow and slow-slow types of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). According to this hypothesis the fast-slow reentrant circuit would be formed by two slow pathways, located in the rightward and leftward posterior extension of the atrioventricular node. Thus, the fast pathway would act as a bystander with respect to the reentrant circuit. We describe the case of a 40-year-old woman with several episodes of palpitations unresponsive to antiarrhythmic drugs. The ECG during symptoms showed a narrow QRS tachycardia with a long ventriculoatrial interval and a negative P wave in the inferior leads. Electrophysiological study showed the inducibility of a slow-slow AVNRT which rapidly shifted to a fast-slow AVNRT without any change in the duration of the tachycardia cycle. Our observation is in agreement with the hypothesis that the fast-slow reentrant circuit consists of two slow pathways with the fast pathway acting as a bystander.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-84
Number of pages5
JournalItalian Heart Journal
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Atrioventricular node
  • Tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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