Fasting whole-body energy homeostasis and hepatic energy metabolism in nondiabetic humans with fatty liver

Guido Lattuada, Maria Grazia Radaelli, Francesco De Cobelli, Antonio Esposito, Giuseppina Manzoni, Silvia Perra, Alessandro Del Maschio, Giovanna Castoldi, Gianluca Perseghin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Fatty liver is believed to be sustained by a higher than normal adipose-derived NEFA flux to the liver. Also, hepatic energy metabolism may be a rate-limiting step of intrahepatic fat (IHF) accumulation. Aims. To assess whole-body energy metabolism and hepatic high-energy phosphates (HEPs) in individuals with fatty liver. Methods. We studied 22 individuals with fatty liver and 22 control individuals matched for anthropometric features by means of (1) hepatic 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to measure the IHF content, (2) hepatic 31P-MRS to assess the relative content of HEPs (phosphomonoesters, phosphodiesters, inorganic phosphorus, and ATP), and (3) indirect calorimetry to assess whole-body resting energy expenditure and substrate oxidation. Results. Patients with newly diagnosed fatty liver and controls were not different for anthropometric parameters. Based on HOMA2%-S, individuals with fatty liver were more insulin resistant than controls. Resting energy expenditure and the pattern of substrate oxidation were not different between groups. Relative content of HEPs was not different between groups; in particular, the Pi/γ-ATP ratio, the most important signals in terms of monitoring energy homeostasis, was not different even if it was associated with indirect calorimetry-derived parameters of oxidative substrate disposal. Conclusions. These data demonstrate that fasting whole-body energy metabolism and the relative content of HEPs in nondiabetic patients with fatty liver are not different than those in controls when they are matched for anthropometric features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9796175
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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