Fat oxidation rate during and after a low- or high-intensity exercise in severely obese Caucasian adolescents

Stefano Lazzer, Claudio Lafortuna, Carlo Busti, Raffaela Galli, Tiziana Tinozzi, Fiorenza Agosti, Alessandro Sartorio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective is to study the effects of low-intensity (LI) or high-intensity (HI) equicaloric exercises on energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation rate during and after the exercises in severely obese Caucasian adolescents. Twenty obese boys (BMI-SDS 3.04 ± 0.52, %Fat Mass 38.2 ± 2.1%) aged 14-16 years (pubertal stage >3) participated in this study. Maximal oxygen uptake (V'O2max) and maximal fat oxidation rate were determined with indirect calorimetry using a graded exercise test on a treadmill. EE and substrate oxidation rate during equicaloric low-intensity (LI, 42% V'O2max for 45 min) and high-intensity (HI, 67% V'O 2max for 30 min) exercises on a treadmill and during post-exercise recovery period (60 min) were determined with indirect calorimetry. Maximal fat oxidation rate was observed at 42 ± 6% V'O2max (62 ± 5% HRmax) and fat oxidation rate was 0.45 ± 0.07 g/min. The total amounts of EE, during the LI and HI exercises, and the post-exercise recovery periods were not significantly different (1,884 ± 250 vs. 1,973 ± 201 kJ, p = 0.453), but the total amount of fat oxidised was significantly higher (+9.9 g, +55.7%, p <0.001) during the LI exercise than during the HI exercise. However, fat oxidation rates during the post-exercise recovery periods were not significantly different following LI and HI exercises. Total fat oxidised was significantly higher during the LI than during the HI exercise in obese adolescents. However, the equicaloric exercise intensity did not influence EE, fat and carbohydrate oxidation rate during the recovery period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-391
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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Fats
Exercise
Energy Metabolism
Indirect Calorimetry
Exercise Test
Carbohydrates
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Energy metabolism
  • Exercise intensity
  • Fat metabolism
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Fat oxidation rate during and after a low- or high-intensity exercise in severely obese Caucasian adolescents. / Lazzer, Stefano; Lafortuna, Claudio; Busti, Carlo; Galli, Raffaela; Tinozzi, Tiziana; Agosti, Fiorenza; Sartorio, Alessandro.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 108, No. 2, 01.2010, p. 383-391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lazzer, Stefano ; Lafortuna, Claudio ; Busti, Carlo ; Galli, Raffaela ; Tinozzi, Tiziana ; Agosti, Fiorenza ; Sartorio, Alessandro. / Fat oxidation rate during and after a low- or high-intensity exercise in severely obese Caucasian adolescents. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010 ; Vol. 108, No. 2. pp. 383-391.
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abstract = "The objective is to study the effects of low-intensity (LI) or high-intensity (HI) equicaloric exercises on energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation rate during and after the exercises in severely obese Caucasian adolescents. Twenty obese boys (BMI-SDS 3.04 ± 0.52, {\%}Fat Mass 38.2 ± 2.1{\%}) aged 14-16 years (pubertal stage >3) participated in this study. Maximal oxygen uptake (V'O2max) and maximal fat oxidation rate were determined with indirect calorimetry using a graded exercise test on a treadmill. EE and substrate oxidation rate during equicaloric low-intensity (LI, 42{\%} V'O2max for 45 min) and high-intensity (HI, 67{\%} V'O 2max for 30 min) exercises on a treadmill and during post-exercise recovery period (60 min) were determined with indirect calorimetry. Maximal fat oxidation rate was observed at 42 ± 6{\%} V'O2max (62 ± 5{\%} HRmax) and fat oxidation rate was 0.45 ± 0.07 g/min. The total amounts of EE, during the LI and HI exercises, and the post-exercise recovery periods were not significantly different (1,884 ± 250 vs. 1,973 ± 201 kJ, p = 0.453), but the total amount of fat oxidised was significantly higher (+9.9 g, +55.7{\%}, p <0.001) during the LI exercise than during the HI exercise. However, fat oxidation rates during the post-exercise recovery periods were not significantly different following LI and HI exercises. Total fat oxidised was significantly higher during the LI than during the HI exercise in obese adolescents. However, the equicaloric exercise intensity did not influence EE, fat and carbohydrate oxidation rate during the recovery period.",
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