BACKGROUND: Metformin is considered a first choice for oral treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes in the absence of contraindications. Colorectal cancer is the second most frequent cancer among the general population; low anterior resections and temporary diverting ileostomies are commonly performed in this population. As the incidence of type 2 diabetes increases, the use of metformin in patients with both type 2 diabetes and an ileostomy will most likely increase as well. CASE: We present the case of a patient affected by colorectal cancer who developed a severe metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) after creation of a temporary ileostomy to protect a low colorectal anastomosis. High-volume output from his ileostomy led to significant fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance, his condition was complicated by MALA, resulting in death. CONCLUSION: The population of ileostomy patients who also have type 2 diabetic and taking metformin is at risk for MALA. High stomal output can lead to dehydration, with a loss of fluids and electrolytes and metformin could aggravate this condition, potentiating the risk of MALA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing