Background: A considerable number of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals could be asymptomatic and don’t need medical treatment. The clinical spectrum of SARS-CoV-2 infection ranges from asymptomatic cases, medium-intensity forms with mild to moderate symptoms, to severe ones with bilateral pneumonia and respiratory distress. In cases with severe presentation of SARS-CoV-2 infection, the induction of hypercoagulability is one of the pathophysiological mechanism that can contribute to death. Case presentation: Here, we reported autoptic evidences of thrombotic pulmonary arterial fatal lesions in an asymptomatic COVID-19 patient, after swab negativization. Whole body complete post-mortem examination was performed, showing the presence of a large thrombus occluding the main pulmonary artery that was the cause of death. Histopathological analysis showed heterogeneous pattern of pathological changes in the lung tissue with numerous vascular thrombi, inflammatory cardiomyopathy and other histopathological modifications in kidneys, spleen and liver. Conclusions: This study provides evidences that also asymptomatic patients may be at risk to develop thrombotic complications. An appropriate diagnostic screening for thrombotic complications and the early treatment recommendations of antithrombotic drugs could represent an important topic even in asymptomatic individuals.
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