Ether lipids show high specific cytotoxicity in vitro on a wide variety of experimental tumors, but only moderate activity in vivo. One reason for this lack of activity in the whole animal might be a high degree of metabolic degradation. We therefore studied the biotransformation of 1-O-octadecyl-2- O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine ([ 3H]ET18-OMe) labeled in position 9- 10 of the 1-alkyl chain, in rat plasma and erythrocytes, HL60 and K562 leukemic cells, HT29 adenocarcinoma cells, and cultured hepatocytes at 37°C, and in a system of isolated and perfused rat liver. ET18-OMe and its metabolites were identified and quantified after lipid extraction and TLC separation. In tumor cells, 98% of ET18-OMe remained almost unmodified in vitro after 24-hr incubation. Plasma and erythrocytes from rats metabolized only 4-5% of the original compound in 3 hr. In cultured hepatocytes, 35% and 58.3%, respectively, of ET18-OMe was present after 6 and 24 hr as the metabolites 1-O-alkyl-2-O-methylglycerol (AMG), 1-O-alkyl-2-O- methylphosphatidic acid (AMPA), and stearyl alcohol (SA) (products of direct hydrolysis by phospholipases C and D and alkylhydrolase); phospholipids (phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine); and neutral lipids (products of secondary metabolism). In perfused rat liver, ~15% of the total radioactivity incorporated after 3 hr Was distributed in metabolites as follows: 5.9% of AMPA, 5.0% of AMG, and 3.1% of SA. We conclude that the metabolism of ET18-OMe in normal tissues occurring through the same enzymes that metabolize natural lipids may partly explain the lack of effect in vivo.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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