A male child initially presented with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) at the age of 4 months and progressed within weeks to end stage renal disease (ESRD). At the age of 2 years he received a live-related kidney transplant from his mother, which, despite initial good function, was lost to recurrent disease after 2 weeks. Complement factor H analysis showed low serum levels and the presence of two mutations on different alleles (c.2918G > A, Cys973Tyr and c.3590T > C, Val197Ala). His survival on dialysis was at risk because of access failure and recurrent bacteremic episodes. Therefore, at the age of 5 years he received a combined liver-kidney transplant with pre-operative plasma exchange. Initial function of both grafts was excellent and this has been maintained for over 2 years. This report suggests that despite setbacks in previous experience, combined liver-kidney transplantation offers the prospect of a favorable long-term outcome for patients with HUS associated with complement factor H mutations. & 2006 The Authors.
- Combined liver-kidney transplant
- Factor H
- Kidney transplant
- Liver transplant
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