Purpose Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), an antibody-drug conjugate comprising the cytotoxic agent DM1, a stable linker, and trastuzumab, has demonstrated substantial activity in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive metastatic breast cancer, raising interest in evaluating the feasibility and cardiac safety of T-DM1 in early-stage breast cancer (EBC). Patients and Methods Patients (N = 153) with HER2-positive EBC and prechemotherapy left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 55% received (neo)adjuvant doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide or fluorouracil plus epirubicin plus cyclophosphamide followed by T-DM1 for four cycles. Patients could then receive three to four cycles of optional docetaxel with or without trastuzumab. T-DM1 was then resumed with optional radiotherapy (sequential or concurrent) for 1 year (planned) of HER2-directed therapy. The coprimary end points were rate of prespecified cardiac events and safety. Results Median follow-up was 24.6 months. No prespecified cardiac events or symptomatic congestive heart failures were reported. Four patients (2.7%) had asymptomatic LVEF declines (≥ 10 percentage points from baseline to LVEF <50%), leading to T-DM1 discontinuation in one patient. Of 148 patients who received ≥ one cycle of T-DM1, 82.4% completed the planned 1-year duration of HER2-directed therapy. During T-DM1 treatment, 38.5% and 2.7% of patients experienced grade 3 and 4 adverse events, respectively. Approximately 95% of patients receiving T-DM1 plus radiotherapy completed ≥ 95% of the planned radiation dose with delay ≤ 5 days. Conclusion Use of T-DM1 for approximately 1 year after anthracycline-based chemotherapy was feasible and generally well tolerated by patients with HER2-positive EBC, providing support for phase III trials of T-DM1 in this setting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research