Feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of a low radiation exposure protocol for prospective ECG-triggering coronary MDCT angiography

G. Pontone, D. Andreini, A. L. Bartorelli, E. Bertella, S. Mushtaq, C. Foti, A. Formenti, L. Chiappa, A. Annoni, S. Cortinovis, A. Baggiano, E. Conte, F. Bovis, F. Veglia, G. Ballerini, P. Agostoni, C. Fiorentini, M. Pepi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To compare the feasibility, accuracy, and effective radiation dose (ED) of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the detection of coronary artery disease using a combined ED-saving strategy including prospective electrocardiogram (ECG) triggering with a short x-ray window and a body mass index (BMI)-adapted imaging protocol using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR; group 1), in comparison with a prospective ECG triggering strategy alone (group 2). Materials and methods: One hundred and seventy patients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were evaluated. Fourteen patients were not eligible for MDCT. The remaining 156 patients were randomized to group 1 (78 patients) and group 2 (78 patients). Eight and 11 patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively, were excluded after randomization because the patients' heart rates were >65 beats/min. MDCT images were assessed for feasibility, signal-to-noise ration (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), accuracy in detection of coronary stenoses >50% versus ICA and for ED. Results: The feasibility, SNR, CNR, accuracy in a segment-based and patient-based model were similar in both groups (97 versus 95%, 14.5 ± 3.9 versus 14.2 ± 4.1, 16 ± 4.6 versus 16.5 ± 4.4, 95 versus 94% and 97 versus 99%, respectively). The ED in group 1 was 72% lower than in group 2 (2.1 ± 1.2 versus 7.5 ± 1.8 mSv, respectively; p <0.01). Conclusions: The use of a multi-parametric ED saving protocol results in a significant reduction in ED without a negative impact on accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Radiology
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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