Purpose: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is a valid therapy for grade 1/2 gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Although a median progression-free survival (PFS) of more than 20 months is frequently observed, the majority of patients relapse after 2 – 3 years. In the present study, we investigated the use of low dosage re-treatment with 177Lu-DOTATATE (Lu-PRRT) in patients with GEP-NENs who relapsed after treatment with 90Y-DOTATOC (Y-PRRT). Methods: Upon tumour progression, 26 patients with a PFS of at least 12 months after Y-PRRT were consecutively enrolled in a phase II study of re-treatment with Lu-PRRT. All patients had preserved kidney and haematological parameters and received 14.8 – 18.5 GBq of Lu-PRRT in four or five cycles. The disease control rate (DCR), toxicity, PFS and prognostic factors were evaluated. Results: Median total activity of Lu-PRRT was 16.5 GBq in five cycles. The DCR was 84.6 %, median PFS was 22 months (95 % CI 16 months – not reached) compared to 28 months (95 % CI 20 – 36 months) after Y-PRRT. Tumour burden and number of liver metastases were important prognostic factors. Toxicity was mild after Lu-PRRT re-treatment in the majority of patients, with only two patients with grade 2 and one with grade 3 bone marrow toxicity; one patient had grade 2 and one grade 3 renal toxicity. Conclusion: Patients with GEP-NEN who have previously responded to Y-PRRT are suitable candidates for Lu-PRRT re-treatment on progression. Although our sample size was limited, low-dosage Lu-PRRT was safe, and led to DCR and PFS rates comparable with those observed when Y-PRRT was used as primary treatment.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 26 2015|
- Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs)
- Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging