Background and Aims: EUS has become an interventional technique in which a needle may be used as a vehicle to deliver therapeutic agents. Laser ablation (LA) has been used to treat many primary and secondary neoplasms. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of EUS-guided LA for unresectable (UR) pancreatic cancer. Methods: Patients with stage IIb-III pancreatic cancer underwent EUS-guided LA. All patients were unresponsive to previous chemoradiotherapy. LA was performed by using a 300-μm flexible fiber preloaded onto a 22-gauge fine needle. A 1064-nm wavelength neodymium-yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser light with different power settings of 2 W for 800 J, 1000 J, and 1200 J; 3 W for 800 J, 1000 J, and 1200 J; and 4 W for 800 J, 1000 J, and 1200 J was used. Each patient was treated with a single application of 1 of these settings. The application time of the power settings ranged from 200 to 600 seconds. Results: Nine patients (median age, 74.7; range 55-85) underwent Nd:Yag LA. The mean size of the focal lesion was 35.4 mm (range, 21-45). The ablation area, demonstrated by 24-hour CT, ranged from.4 cm3 (for the lower power setting of 2 W/800 J) to a maximum of 6.4 cm3 (for 4 W/1000 J). The procedure was completed in all 9 patients without adverse events. Conclusion: In our human experience, EUS-guided LA was feasible and well tolerated in patients with UR pancreatic cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging