Feasibility of Home-Based Automated Assessment of Postural Instability and Lower Limb Impairments in Parkinson's Disease

Claudia Ferraris, Roberto Nerino, Antonio Chimienti, Giuseppe Pettiti, Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Corrado Azzaro, Lorenzo Priano, Alessandro Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A self-managed, home-based system for the automated assessment of a selected set of Parkinson's disease motor symptoms is presented. The system makes use of an optical RGB-Depth device both to implement its gesture-based human computer interface and for the characterization and the evaluation of posture and motor tasks, which are specified according to the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). Posture, lower limb movements and postural instability are characterized by kinematic parameters of the patient movement. During an experimental campaign, the performances of patients affected by Parkinson's disease were simultaneously scored by neurologists and analyzed by the system. The sets of parameters which best correlated with the UPDRS scores of subjects' performances were then used to train supervised classifiers for the automated assessment of new instances of the tasks. Results on the system usability and the assessment accuracy, as compared to clinical evaluations, indicate that the system is feasible for an objective and automated assessment of Parkinson's disease at home, and it could be the basis for the development of neuromonitoring and neurorehabilitation applications in a telemedicine framework.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSensors (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2019

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity/physiopathology
  • Machine Learning
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease/physiopathology
  • Postural Balance/physiology
  • User-Computer Interface

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