Nasogastric tube feeding (NGTF) is frequently necessary to overcome the inadequate caloric intake of children with severe chronic renal failure (CRF). In a multicenter retrospective study, we evaluated feeding dysfunction after tube feeding withdrawal in children with severe CRF who started long-term enteral nutrition early in childhood. We considered, almost exclusively, infants who had started NGTF very early and continued to be tube fed for at least 9 months. Twelve patients were included in the study: 8 showed significant and persistent eating difficulties, with difficulties in chewing and swallowing in 7 and food refusal in 6. For 2 patients 'panic attacks' from swallowing were repeatedly reported. These problems persisted for more than year in 5 patients and between 1 and 6 months in 4. The possible feeding difficulties that may follow NTGF must be carefully evaluated. A possible means of overcoming these difficulties might include: encouraging the use of a pacifier, proposing water for spontaneous assumption, leaving the child the possibility of eating food spontaneously during the daytime, and increased support for the parents during weaning. These need prospective study.
- Chronic renal failure
- Eating difficulties
- Nasogastric tube feeding
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health